Physically Active Lesson Plan for Students with Disabilities (One)

This lesson place was created for my Kinesiology 120 practicum session. It is a practicum that works with students who have a wide range of disabilities that occur along a spectrum. The age of the students that we were working with ranged from 5-10 years old.

 Warm Up (approx. 5 min)

 We will play the song “Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes” for the children to participate while performing the actions of touching their head, their shoulders, their knees, and their toes when the music says to do so.

After the music plays through once, we will move into a stretching circle for a few minutes and then repeat the song one more time. The stretches include arm circles, touching their toes, and hamstring stretches.

Activity 1.  Musical Hoops (approx. 10 minutes)

Description of Activity: Music is playing and the children do various movements and actions to the music while carrying a hoola-hoop. When the music stops, the children sit down as fast as they can in the hoop and once the music turns back on, the children perform a different action. No elimination of children during the game.

Objectives of Activity: This activity assesses the children’s basic listening skills, the children’s basic movement skill development such as crawling, running, jumping, etc.

Equipment Required: Hoola-hoops, music

Safety Considerations: Made sure that all other equipment was pushed to the side to ensure that the children would not trip.  Ran, danced, and performed the actions to the music in a circle formation so the children didn’t run into each other. This created a safe space for the children to move around without having the distractions of other objects to worry about.

Teaching Strategies: Visual prompts (we demonstrated the activity for them to repeat and participated along with the children), Verbal cues (we expressed verbally when to sit down or begin moving again to help them understand), Listening cues (listening for the music to shut off and sitting down)

Activity 2.  Obstacle Course #1 (approx. 10-15 minutes)

Description of Activity: The children will first jump across three half-bosu balls with assistance from kin students. Next they will crawl under four stacked box steps on top of each other making two piles parallel from each other with a blanket draped over top creating a tunnel effect. After completing that task, they will proceed to doing five jumping jacks followed by crawling through the tube tunnel that we provide. They will then hop in each hoola-hoop placed on the floor (7) in various patterns and once that is completed they will stand behind the line of tape placed on the floor and toss three beanbags into the beanbag mesh stand. The children then have to collect all the beanbags that were thrown and place them back into the blue bucket provided and then skip back to the beginning of the course and repeat again.

Objectives of Activity: To analyze fundamental movements such as crawling, throwing, jumping, balancing, and crouching. Another objective is performing and participating in each task and listening to the instructions given. Evaluates accuracy and coordination when students are throwing beanbags into the beanbag mesh stand from a certain distance.

Equipment Required: Bosu balls, box steps, blanket, tube tunnel, hoola-hoops, beanbags, beanbag mesh stand.

Safety Considerations: Used a blanket instead of another box step, space between steps of the obstacle to create enough room for the children to safely move around, made sure all unused equipment is out of the way of the obstacle course, and creating enough space between children so that they do not run into each other. These precautions created take into considerations the safety of the environment, equipment and most importantly the participants.

Teaching Strategies: Verbal prompts (explaining where they need to go and what action/skills they need to perform), Top Down (demonstration)

Activity 3. Parachute (approx. 10 minutes)

Description of Activity: Each participant holds an edge of the parachute and swinging it up and down creating a ripple effect. Two to three lightweight balls are placed on top and the participants have to try and keep the balls from flying off of the parachute. Another alternative for using the parachute is everyone lifting their edge of the parachute up at the same time and the children whose names are called run to the other side as fast as they can before the parachute collapses.

Objectives of Activity: To assess coordination skills and synchronization of movement with their peers (team work), and to analyze each individuals listening skills.

Equipment Required: Parachute, lightweight balls

Safety Considerations: Create the proper timing for the children to run underneath so that there are no collisions and using the lightweight balls so that no one will get injured if they fly off. All unused equipment is safely set aside to ensure no interference with the activity.

Teaching Strategies: Verbal cues (saying when the children should run)

Activity 4: Obstacle Course #2 (approx. 10-15 minutes)

Description of Activity: Children run in a zig zag pattern around pylons and then throw two balls into two baskets. Next the children will roll down a cheese mat onto a fold out mat on the floor. After rolling down the mat, the children have to hop from the fold out mat to the balls and kick four balls into the net. Finally the children will bear crawl back to the start of the obstacle course and repeat again.

Objectives of Activity: To analyze and assess the basic movement skills of the children. This activity will focus on running, sense of direction, accuracy, coordination, jumping, and hopping.

Equipment Required: Pylons, balls, cheese mat, fold out mat

Safety Considerations: As with any obstacle course, the safety of the equipment is important. We decided to add the fold out mat to create a safer and softer landing for the children after they roll down the cheese mat. Environment is also important so making sure that there are no extra objects lying around that could be potentially harmful or dangerous to the children during the activity is crucial. All of these precautions ensure the safety of the participants.

Teaching Strategies: Verbal prompts (explaining where they need to go and what action/skills they need to perform), Top Down (demonstration)

Session Wrap Up (approx. 5-10)

For the cool down, we decided to do the Chicken Dance. Our children respond well to music so creating a game that involves music works well for our group. The music will play and the children will perform these actions:

    1. At the start of the music, shape a chicken beak with your hands. Open and close them four times, during the first four beats of the music.
    2. Make chicken wings with your arms. Flap your wings four times, during the next four beats of the music.
    3. Make a chicken’s tail feathers with your arms and hands. Wiggle downwards during the next four beats of the music.
    4. Clap four times during the next four beats of the music while rising to your feet.
    5. Repeat this process four times.
    6. At the bridge, hold your arms straight, in imitation of an airplane. All dancers spin around the room in “flight” until the bridge ends.
    7. Repeat until song is over

Following the chicken dance, we will ask what their favourite part of the day was and then we will hand out stickers to each child for good behaviour, participation, and cooperation.


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